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10 Blood Pressure Chart Essentials

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Monitoring your health is perhaps one of the most important things you can do if you want to live longer and enjoy what life has to offer. We should be vigilant and sensitive to any unusual changes observed or felt in our body.

One of the most weighted health indicators to monitor is blood pressure. It’s highly recommended to make use of a blood pressure chart for it can help you determine whether there is any need for action towards achieving a healthy blood pressure level.

View the best blood pressure checker monitors

To get you started, here are 10 essential things you should know about blood pressure and the use of a blood pressure chart.

What Is Blood Pressure

If you’re familiar with the circulatory system, it should be easy to clearly understand what blood pressure is.

Basically, it is the force of blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as it travels from the heart to other parts of the body.

Think of it as a watering hose carrying a stream of water to provide for plants in a garden.

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The Blood Pressure Chart

1. What is a blood pressure chart?

A blood pressure chart is a tool anyone can use to determine whether BP levels are normal or not. It shows blood pressure ranges whether readings fall under low, normal/healthy, or high blood pressure levels.

2. Why do we need to monitor our blood pressure?

An unfortunate fact about hypertension (high blood pressure) is the way on how it does not usually manifest symptoms.

There exist a common belief that says headaches, nosebleeds, and dizziness is a sure sign that you have hypertension but studies have shown that while these symptoms may be observed in hypertensive patients, they are not directly caused by high blood pressure.

Considering how it is very much possible to have high blood pressure and yet show no symptoms, people develop a tendency to ignore blood pressure readings or neglect having their BP taken due to the mere reason that they feel fine.

Determining your BP numbers can alert you about the problem before it takes the chance to develop further, allowing you to take any necessary steps to make changes in your lifestyle.

3. What is a good blood pressure?

There really isn’t much to say about the importance of monitoring blood pressure without the risk of repeating the details. Suffice it to say that if we truly value the only life granted us, we need to take healthy steps to make sure it would last us a lifetime.

A simple chart and a positive attitude towards healthy change may be all you need.

Normal Blood Pressure Chart
Systolic pressure (mm Hg) Diastolic pressure (mm Hg) Results
130 85 High Normal Blood Pressure
120 80 Normal Blood Pressure
110 75 Low Normal Blood Pressure

4. What is a bad blood pressure?

What’s with all the international health fuss over blood pressure? Actually, hypertension has been rated by the World Health Organization as one of the most notable condition that leads to premature death worldwide.

Nice to know, the term “High Blood” has even been coined in some places to refer to “sudden burst of anger”.

Yep, brings back less than fond memories of being shouted at by authority figures during our childhood years. The flushed face, scrunched-up expression and throbbing veins in the face is a classic representation of a very angry person to fit the coined term “High Blood”.

In medical terms, high blood pressure is not another name for being furious but instead a condition wherein blood pressure is higher than defined standard normal levels. An increase in blood pressure can be dangerous for it heightens the risk of getting a heart attack or stroke considering that the heart will be pumping harder.

What causes high blood pressure?

No one knows exactly what causes hypertension but there are factors that could increase your risk of developing the medical condition. Older people typically are at a greater risk as well as individuals with a family history of high blood pressure.

The type of lifestyle you live is a very common factor that highly contributes to an increase of your risk. These include too much salt intake, lack of fruits and vegetables in the diet, a sedentary lifestyle, and being overweight.

High Blood Pressure Chart
Systolic pressure (mm Hg) Diastolic pressure (mm Hg) Results
140 90 Stage 1 (Mild) Hypertension
160 100 Stage 2 (Moderate) Hypertension
180 110 Stage 3 (Severe) Hypertension
210 120 Stage 4 (Very Severe) Hypertension
Low Blood Pressure Chart
Systolic pressure (mm Hg) Diastolic pressure (mm Hg) Results
90 60 Low Blood Pressure
80 50 Very Low Blood Pressure
70 40 Extremely Low Blood Pressure

 

*Low Blood Pressure – Usual for children and athletes. Not of concern unless you experience weakness, dizziness or fainting – see a doctor
*Very Low Blood Pressure – Possibly dangerous if symptoms exist – see a doctor
*Extremely Low Blood Pressure – Dangerous – Definitely see a doctor

5. Blood pressure numbers you should know

Blood pressure readings consist of two numbers (120/80 for example). The upper number is your systolic blood pressure or the highest pressure when your heart beats and pushes blood.

The second number is your diastolic blood pressure or the lowest pressure when your heart relaxes between beats. To figure out whether your reading is normal or not, you can use a blood pressure chart.

6. How to understand blood pressure numbers?

There are some blood pressure chart that displays the systolic readings on the left side and the diastolic readings at the bottom. To use, you have to plot your numbers on the chart as you typically would in a graph chart. The point where the two numbers meet should be your BP reading. From there, you can identify the range where your blood pressure falls whether it’s normal or not.

The following are possible results you may have:

a. 90/60 or less : means that you have low blood pressure which is another dangerous place to be.

b. Greater than 90/60 but less than 120/80 : Congratulations! This means that your BP is ideal and healthy which therefore should be maintained. Keep doing whatever you are doing because it is obviously working!

c. Greater than 120/80 but less than 140/90: Borderline! You still have normal BP but it is higher than it should be. A few changes here and there could save you from an actual high blood pressure.

d. 140/90 or higher: You have a high blood pressure. Take note though that a single reading under this level may not immediately mean you have hypertension. But if it persists for several weeks with no indication of lowering, then you definitely have to take steps to rectify the situation.

7. Blood Pressure Chart by Age

Age Min Normal Max
1 to 12 months 75/50 90/60 100/75
1 to 5 years 80/55 95/65 110/79
6 to 13 years 90/60 105/70 115/80
14 to 19 years 105/73 117/77 120/81
20 to 24 years 108/75 120/79 132/83
25 to 29 years 109/76 121/80 133/84
30 to 34 years 110/77 122/81 134/85
35 to 39 years 111/78 123/82 135/86
40 to 44 years 112/79 125/83 137/87
45 to 49 years 115/80 127/84 139/88
50 to 54 years 116/81 129/85 142/89
55 to 59 years 118/82 131/86 144/90
60 to 64 years 121/83 134/87 147/91

8. Blood Pressure Chart for Women

A good blood pressure for women would be:

Age Average Minimum Maximum
14 to 19 years 117/77 105/73 120/81
20 to 24 years 120/79 108/75 132/83
25 to 29 years 121/80 109/76 133/84
30 to 34 years 122/81 110/77 134/85
35 to 39 years 123/82 111/78 135/86
40 to 44 years 125/83 112/79 137/87
45 to 49 years 127/84 115/80 139/88
50 to 54 years 129/85 116/81 142/89
55 to 59 years 131/86 118/82 144/90

 

*Healthy blood pressure for women as seen above can be achieved by maintaining a healthy diet low in fat, sugar and salt.

9. How often should I use a blood pressure chart?

Now that you know how a blood pressure chart works, how often should you make use of it?

It would depend on the results you have.

A normal/ healthy reading obviously does not need much attention aside from the bi-annual check-up we should regularly have.

Above and below normal blood pressure levels would of course need close monitoring to observe for any changes and to check if medication taken to solve the problem is indeed working. Your doctor will advise you how often monitoring should be done.

10. What steps should I take after?

Besides medical consultation, a change in lifestyle is the best course of action if your results are not within normal blood pressure levels. To lower blood pressure, you can:

  • Reduce salt intake, eat more fruits and vegetables
  • Engage in regular physical activity
  • Limit alcohol intake
  • Quit smoking
  • Manage stress
  • Maintain healthy weight, and
  • Take your prescribed medication religiously
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