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10 Factors Behind Menstrual Period Blood Clots

menstrual or period blood clots
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During the menstrual cycle, the lining of the uterus thickens in order to get ready for fertilization. During menstruation, the body sheds off the uterus lining along with some blood contents. The amount of blood and uterus lining taken out is normally between 4 and 12 teaspoons for every menstrual cycle.

The variation of colour in menstrual blood is considered perfectly normal. However, the menstrual blood may change in colour and thickness, suggesting the presence of blood clot.

The average menstrual cycle goes for 28 days, though for some women the cycles may be as short as 21 days. In some cases, though rare, the menstrual cycle can be as long as or more than 35 days. Normal periods will run for two to seven days with the average duration of three to five days. Read about causes of irregular menstrual periods.

The body has a mechanism to prevent blood clots during menstruation. It releases anticoagulants that are meant to keep menstrual period blood from clotting when being released.

In cases of heavier and abnormal menstrual periods, blood is rapidly expelled, giving anticoagulants no time to work on the blood prior to release. These situations result in the presence of menstrual period blood clots. Learn how to eliminate menstrual migraine.

It is thus clear that blood clots in menstrual blood aren’t always a completely dangerous situation as it may simply be a result of too much menstrual blood content. The situation however, requires the attention of a medical doctor to determine the cause of excessive blood, as well as the source of the clot. Further discussed below are facts about menstrual period blood clots.

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Menstrual Period Blood Clots

There are several vital factors and reasons behind menstrual clots that shouldn’t be ignored. The most common of them are detailed below.

1. Blood clots are shed on the heaviest days of menstruation

Menstrual period blood clots are normally shed during the heavy days of menstruation.

It happens because the clots require some pressure to be moved out of the body and thus, the need for more blood will be essential to generate more pressure.

Multiple clots in the flow makes menstrual blood seem thicker and denser than usual.

 menstrual period blood clots heavy days

2. Thicker and denser menstrual blood indicates presence of menstrual period blood clots

The presence of blood clots in menstrual blood are a common occurrence in many women. The clots are likely to be bright red or dark in colour. They end up in the menstrual blood when the clotted blood is brought along to be released with the uterus lining fluid if fertilization fails to happen.

Menstrual blood may become dark brown or almost black in colour as the individual nears the end of her period. This should be considered a normal colour change unless if accompanied with other unlikely signs.

Menstrual period blood clots also normally happens when blood is considerably old. Temporary thick and heavy menstrual flow is not a usual cause of concern.

However, situations that display unlikely changes recurrently, will justify the need to see a doctor for further examination and check on blood counts. Regular heavy periods can result to anaemia due to excess in blood loss.

3. The presence of fibroids can cause blood clots in menstrual blood

Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous tumours forming in the uterus. They do not always display clear symptoms where most women with the problem show no symptoms at all.

The women with fibroids may however, notice greater amounts of menstrual blood with clots in them. Learn how to permanently get rid of uterine fibroids naturally.

menstrual period blood clots uterine fibroids

4. Blood clots in menstrual blood due to miscarriage

Women who have recently undergone miscarriages may release blood clots or sometimes clumps of tissue that are usually grey in color.

In cases of suspicion in a person who is pregnant where the said clumps of grey tissue are visible, the attention of medical doctors is needed to ascertain the cause of the problem.

However, cases of light bleeding or spots of blood during pregnancy are not unlikely.

5. Hormonal changes in its relation to menstrual period blood clots

The body depends on the balance of progesterone and estrogen to regulate the formation and shedding of the uterine lining.

Any disturbance to the balance results in the development of an excessively thick uterine lining that will lead to more bleeding. This can cause blood clots in the menstrual blood as the lining is shed.

Hormonal changes can also be a result of menopause, a recent dramatic change in weight, and effects of certain medications like steroids.

6. Enlarged uterus and menstrual blood clots

Stretched uterus walls during pregnancy that fail to return to original size can lead to the development of blood clots.

The enlarged uterus gives the menstrual blood more than enough time to clot before being released outside the body.

7. Obstruction of menstrual blood

Any obstructions that blocks the free flow of menstrual blood from the uterus, to the cervix and out of the vagina can result in the formation of blood clots. This also causes changes in blood colour as well as thickness of the menstrual blood.

Such impediments may include menopause, which slows down the flow of blood by reducing the size of the cervical canal.


8. Adenomyosis and menstrual blood clots

Adenomyosis is a medical condition that occurs when the tissue of the uterine lining is in the wrong place. The tissue sometimes forms outside of the uterus where in some cases, the tissue grows in the uterine wall muscles.

The condition results in heavy flows, increasing the likelihood of menstrual blood clots.

9. Diagnosis of blood clots in the menstrual blood

A variety of blood tests are usually conducted to determine the cause of menstrual period blood clots. The type of symptoms being displayed can help determine the mode of diagnosis to use.

Tests may include vaginal ultrasound that uses sound waves to take pictures of the internal aspects of the vagina and uterus to detect any possible abnormalities.

MRI is another non-invasive procedure which provides images of any possible growths such as fibroids, a possible cause for the menstrual blood clots.

The doctor may also use blood work procedures which has the purpose of determining whether the blood is clotting correctly. This test also helps ensure the patient is not suffering from anaemia.

Another significant test is biopsy, a procedure that involves taking small tissue samples from the lining of the uterus for medical analysis.

10. Symptoms of blood clot in the menstrual blood

Menstrual blood clots are not considerably a rare condition. Its presence also signifies the discharge of wastes from the body.

However, it is important to note that too much blood, a situation that may be associated to a certain underlying condition, can lead to anaemia.

Symptoms that may accompany menstrual period blood clots include fatigue despite regular daily normal activities, light-headedness, a pale complexion, pale fingernail beds and irregular periods.

Sometimes the condition may be associated with frequent bleeding occurring between periods.

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