When a blood vessel is injured, a repair process is normally initiated by the body with the primary purpose of preventing excessive loss of blood. This repair process is referred to as blood clotting.
The body mechanism normally performed to stop bleeding by means of the blood clotting process should only occur in response to blood vessel injury. This reflects the popular saying that too much of something can be poisonous no matter how good it is.
The clotting of blood when not necessary can be fatal. Blood clots should not be present in blood vessels when no healing response to an injured vessel is needed. No blood clots should be formed.
There are different known ways and fundamental approaches that can be used to prevent unnecessary formation of blood clots (also called thrombosis) as discussed below.
How To Prevent Blood Clots?
1. Exercise and proper diet
A good approach that will certainly play an effective role in helping prevent unnecessary blood clotting is taking way up towards active lifestyle rather than living a desk-bound daily activity.
A healthy lifestyle can help prevent the development of several disorders including complications that may result from the blood clots.
Engagement in regular exercises and physical activities is advised. Following a well selected and balanced diet should also be carried out as consistently as possible.
A balanced diet to consider should primarily include healthy food selections such as fruits and vegetables. The combination of both can give a great boost of healthy cells and effective prevention of unnecessary blood clotting.
2. Control blood cholesterol levels
The individual is advised to always ensure keeping blood pressure under check along with making sure that blood cholesterol levels is monitored.
A high blood pressure places a person vulnerable to unwanted blood clotting processes due to a tendency for breaking of blood vessels that seem feeble as blood circulates around the body.
The arteries and veins rich in bad cholesterol are also at risk for the formation of blood clots. Hence, in order to prevent the development of the clots, the individual has to maintain low levels of cholesterol in the body.
This can be easier to achieve by regularly monitoring blood pressure and getting involved in activities that help reduce body cholesterol levels.
3. Avoid long travel hours
The person is also advised to avoid travelling long distances that takes long periods of sitting time. If not in a situation to really avoid traveling for long hours, learn of travel exercises and tips that you can implement especially when travelling periods take over five hours.
Sitting in the same position for long periods can lead to problems like muscle pull and fatigue resulting to muscle cramps. A person affected by either or both of these conditions is at risk of developing blood clots.
You should at least take a few brisk walks, stretch your body frequently to ensure muscles are comfortable, and lift your feet while contracting the calves to ensure a safer outlook against possible clotting.
4. Refrain from cigarette smoking
Another very important step helpful in the prevention of unwanted blood clot is to avoid cigarette smoking.
Smoking of cigarette causes health problems in many ways including harmful effects on the blood vessels. In fact, a person who smokes can develop abnormalities in blood coagulation.
An increase in the amount of carbon monoxide and high levels of nicotine entering the body creates higher chances for the development of unnecessary blood clot. The presence of both substances in the body elevates the plasma fibrinogen, making them vulnerable to unwanted blood clot formation.
5. Maintain normal BMI
The individual should also regularly monitor body mass index.
Any person falling under levels of obesity has greater chances to be at risk of unnecessary blood clotting, in comparison to individuals within healthy weight range.
It has also been found that a part of the risk is due to high levels of estrogen coming from the extra fat cells in obese persons.
The hormone does not directly cause the formation of a blood clot but is an independent risk factor in the blood that increases vulnerability several-fold. Also, a lot of proteins present in obese individuals can play a role in the unlikely formation of clots in the blood vessels.
6. Drink enough water
Remaining hydrated can play a beneficial role in the prevention of unnecessary blood clots. The state of dehydration can cause a thickening of blood fluid. This automatically promotes the chances of blood clot formation.
If a person is at risk of developing blood clots, promote hydration with at least six to eight 8-ounce glasses of water per day. This will be very helpful in achieving optimal hydration.
Never allow yourself to go thirsty since it is the first phase towards dehydration. Drinking water is enough to rehydrate the body when facing body fluid deficiency.
7. Seek medical guidance before using hormone-based pills
The presence of the hormones estrogen and progesterone in the pills used in the control of pregnancy and birth raises the risk of blood clot formation. The pills should only be taken after medical recommendation by a qualified medical personnel.
Women who experience severe bleeding during monthly periods, or those who have problems with their uterus are advised to use options that are not hormone-based.
8. Consult a doctor if at risk of blood clot formation
You should talk to a doctor or medical professional about ways on how to prevent unwanted blood clots. If the doctor feels you are at a high risk of developing abnormal blood clots or blood-related disorders, the doctor may decide to put you under a medication course.
The doctor will recommend prescriptions depending on assessment of the individual at risk. Over-the-counter prescription may be provided to allow patients to be under medication on their own but with the same plan of preventing the occurrence of unwanted blood clots.
9. Natural treatment options
Natural treatment using garlic can be considered as a home remedy against blood clotting. Properties contained in garlic can be helpful in the prevention and treatment of different medical conditions including cardiovascular diseases.
Natural therapies may help reducing the risk of a blood clot but full treatment against clotting disorders hasn’t been proven yet.
Other food sources that can be useful in preventing unwanted blood clot formation include fruits, vitamins, and vegetables. Additionally, intake of honey is recommended. Read about blood clot treatment methods.
10. Small amounts of alcohol
To help prevent the unnecessary clotting of blood, enjoy taking a small amount of alcohol, especially red wine.
A small amount of alcohol in the body can help the individual reduce the formation and build up of fibrinogen, a protein which when activated converts to fibrin in order for blood clotting to occur.
The intake of alcohol should strictly be in small amounts since increased percentage of alcohol in the body can be dangerous to the person’s health. Drinking more than two servings a day increases the risk of stroke. Blood components like platelets become sticky hence, increasing the chances of blood clot formation.
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