Vitamin and Mineral Deficiency in Periodontitis INFOGRAPHICS

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Potential Nutrient Deficiencies

The Vitamin Deficiency

  • Vitamin C

  • VITAMIN C, also known as ascorbic acid, is a water-soluble vitamin that plays an important role in maintaining the health of the body. It is an antioxidant that helps to protect the body against free radicals, which can damage cells and lead to diseases such as cancer and heart disease. VITAMIN C also plays a key role in the production of collagen, which is a protein that is essential for healthy skin, bones, and connective tissue.

    The daily recommended intake of VITAMIN C for most adults is between 65 and 90 milligrams per day. However, this amount may vary depending on factors such as age, gender, and overall health status.

    – Infants (0-6 months): 40 mg
    – Infants (7-12 months): 50 mg
    – Children (1-3 years): 15 mg
    – Children (4-8 years): 25 mg
    – Children (9-13 years): 45 mg
    – Adolescent boys (14-18 years): 75 mg
    – Adolescent girls (14-18 years): 65 mg
    – Adult women (19 and older): 75 mg
    – Adult men (19 and older): 90 mg
    – Pregnant women: 85 mg
    – Breastfeeding women: 120 mg

    NOTE: Smokers may need higher amounts of VITAMIN C as it helps to counteract the negative effects of smoking on the body. Athletes and individuals undergoing stress or recovering from surgery may also need higher amounts of VITAMIN C to support their immune system. It’s always best to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the appropriate daily intake of VITAMIN C for your specific needs.

  • Vitamin A

  • VITAMIN A is a fat-soluble vitamin essential for maintaining good health and proper functioning of the immune system, vision, reproduction, and skin health. It is involved in the growth and development of cells, particularly in the eyes, skin, and respiratory system.

    Depending on the age and gender, the recommended daily VITAMIN A intake will vary.

    For males:

    – Age 14-18 years: 900 mcg
    – Age 19 years and older: 900 mcg

    For females:

    – Age 14-18 years: 700 mcg
    – Age 19 years and older: 700 mcg

    NOTE: Pregnant and breastfeeding women may need higher amounts of VITAMIN A. It is important to note that taking excessive amounts of VITAMIN A can be harmful, making it essential to follow these recommended daily intakes and speak with a healthcare provider before taking any supplements.

  • Vitamin D

  • VITAMIN D is a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for the regulation of calcium and phosphorus levels in the body. It helps to promote the absorption of calcium and phosphorus from the intestines, which contributes to bone health and growth. VITAMIN D is also important for immune function and has been associated with reduced incidence of certain diseases such as multiple sclerosis, depression, and some types of cancer.

    The recommended daily intake of VITAMIN D varies according to age and gender. The following are the recommended daily intake for different age groups:

    – Infants 0-12 months: 400-1000 IU/day
    – Children 1-18 years: 600-1,000 IU/day
    – Adults 19-70 years: 600-800 IU/day
    – Adults over 70 years: 800-1000 IU/day

    NOTE: Some people may need higher VITAMIN D intake, such as those who have limited exposure to sunlight, have dark skin, are obese, or have certain medical conditions. It is always recommended to consult a healthcare provider about the proper dosage of VITAMIN D supplements.

The Mineral Deficiency

  • Zinc

  • ZINC is an important mineral that plays several vital roles in the body. It is involved in immune function, growth and development, wound healing, and DNA synthesis. It is also important for the senses of taste and smell, and for maintaining healthy skin, hair, and nails. ZINC deficiency can lead to a weakened immune system and delayed growth and development, while excessive intake can be toxic and cause gastrointestinal problems.

    The daily recommended intake of ZINC varies depending on age and gender. The following are the recommended daily intake of ZINC:

    – Infants aged 0-6 months: 2 mg
    – Infants aged 7-12 months: 3 mg
    – Children aged 1-3 years: 3 mg
    – Children aged 4-8 years: 5 mg
    – Children aged 9-13 years: 8 mg
    – Adolescents (boys aged 14-18 years): 11 mg
    – Adolescents (girls aged 14-18 years): 9 mg
    – Adults (men aged 19+ years): 11 mg
    – Adults (women aged 19+ years): 8 mg

    NOTE: Pregnant and breastfeeding women may need additional ZINC intake, and it is recommended to consult with a healthcare provider to determine the appropriate intake.

  • Calcium

  • CALCIUM is an essential mineral for the development of healthy and strong bones and teeth. It plays a critical role in muscle contraction, nerve function, blood clotting, and cellular communication. Maintaining adequate levels of CALCIUM is important for overall health and can help prevent osteoporosis, a condition characterized by weak and brittle bones.

    – For adults between the ages of 19 and 50, the daily recommended intake of CALCIUM is around 1,000 mg.
    – For those over 50 years of age, the recommended daily intake increases to 1,200 mg.

    NOTE: Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding may require more CALCIUM, and should consult with their healthcare provider to determine their individual needs.

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