Potential Nutrient Deficiencies
The Vitamin Deficiency
VITAMIN D is a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for the regulation of calcium and phosphorus levels in the body. It helps to promote the absorption of calcium and phosphorus from the intestines, which contributes to bone health and growth. VITAMIN D is also important for immune function and has been associated with reduced incidence of certain diseases such as multiple sclerosis, depression, and some types of cancer.
The recommended daily intake of VITAMIN D varies according to age and gender. The following are the recommended daily intake for different age groups:
– Infants 0-12 months: 400-1000 IU/day
– Children 1-18 years: 600-1,000 IU/day
– Adults 19-70 years: 600-800 IU/day
– Adults over 70 years: 800-1000 IU/day
NOTE: Some people may need higher VITAMIN D intake, such as those who have limited exposure to sunlight, have dark skin, are obese, or have certain medical conditions. It is always recommended to consult a healthcare provider about the proper dosage of VITAMIN D supplements.
The Mineral Deficiency
IRON is a mineral that is essential in its role in the human body. It helps in the production of hemoglobin, a protein in red blood cells that transports oxygen throughout the body. It is also important in the metabolism of energy, immune function, and cognitive development. IRON deficiency can lead to anemia, fatigue, weakness, and impaired brain function.
The daily recommended intake of IRON varies depending on age, gender, and health status. The recommended intake for adults is:
– Men: 8 mg/day
– Women (ages 19-50): 18 mg/day
– Women (over age 50): 8 mg/day
– Pregnant women: 27 mg/day
NOTE: Vegetarians and vegans may need up to 1.8 times more IRON per day than non-vegetarians due to the lower bioavailability of IRON from plant-based foods. Consult a healthcare professional to determine your individual IRON needs.
ZINC is an important mineral that plays several vital roles in the body. It is involved in immune function, growth and development, wound healing, and DNA synthesis. It is also important for the senses of taste and smell, and for maintaining healthy skin, hair, and nails. ZINC deficiency can lead to a weakened immune system and delayed growth and development, while excessive intake can be toxic and cause gastrointestinal problems.
The daily recommended intake of ZINC varies depending on age and gender. The following are the recommended daily intake of ZINC:
– Infants aged 0-6 months: 2 mg
– Infants aged 7-12 months: 3 mg
– Children aged 1-3 years: 3 mg
– Children aged 4-8 years: 5 mg
– Children aged 9-13 years: 8 mg
– Adolescents (boys aged 14-18 years): 11 mg
– Adolescents (girls aged 14-18 years): 9 mg
– Adults (men aged 19+ years): 11 mg
– Adults (women aged 19+ years): 8 mg
NOTE: Pregnant and breastfeeding women may need additional ZINC intake, and it is recommended to consult with a healthcare provider to determine the appropriate intake.
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