Vitamin and Mineral Deficiency in Diabetes INFOGRAPHICS

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Potential Nutrient Deficiencies

The Vitamin Deficiency

  • Vitamin D

  • VITAMIN D is a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for the regulation of calcium and phosphorus levels in the body. It helps to promote the absorption of calcium and phosphorus from the intestines, which contributes to bone health and growth. VITAMIN D is also important for immune function and has been associated with reduced incidence of certain diseases such as multiple sclerosis, depression, and some types of cancer.

    The recommended daily intake of VITAMIN D varies according to age and gender. The following are the recommended daily intake for different age groups:

    – Infants 0-12 months: 400-1000 IU/day
    – Children 1-18 years: 600-1,000 IU/day
    – Adults 19-70 years: 600-800 IU/day
    – Adults over 70 years: 800-1000 IU/day

    NOTE: Some people may need higher VITAMIN D intake, such as those who have limited exposure to sunlight, have dark skin, are obese, or have certain medical conditions. It is always recommended to consult a healthcare provider about the proper dosage of VITAMIN D supplements.

The Mineral Deficiency

  • Chromium

  • CHROMIUM is a trace mineral that is essential for human health and strongly associated with the metabolism of macronutrients such as carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. It helps regulate blood sugar levels by enhancing the effects of insulin, which is why it is often used as a dietary supplement for people with diabetes or metabolic disorders. CHROMIUM also plays a role in the formation of healthy bones and teeth, as well as aiding in the metabolism of cholesterol and fats. It is found naturally in foods such as whole grains, broccoli, nuts, and meat.

    It is recommended that adult males consume between 35-45 mcg of CHROMIUM per day, and adult females consume 25-35 mcg per day.

    NOTE: Pregnant and breastfeeding women will require higher amounts. It is best to consult with a healthcare provider for individual recommendations.

  • Zinc

  • ZINC is an important mineral that plays several vital roles in the body. It is involved in immune function, growth and development, wound healing, and DNA synthesis. It is also important for the senses of taste and smell, and for maintaining healthy skin, hair, and nails. ZINC deficiency can lead to a weakened immune system and delayed growth and development, while excessive intake can be toxic and cause gastrointestinal problems.

    The daily recommended intake of ZINC varies depending on age and gender. The following are the recommended daily intake of ZINC:

    – Infants aged 0-6 months: 2 mg
    – Infants aged 7-12 months: 3 mg
    – Children aged 1-3 years: 3 mg
    – Children aged 4-8 years: 5 mg
    – Children aged 9-13 years: 8 mg
    – Adolescents (boys aged 14-18 years): 11 mg
    – Adolescents (girls aged 14-18 years): 9 mg
    – Adults (men aged 19+ years): 11 mg
    – Adults (women aged 19+ years): 8 mg

    NOTE: Pregnant and breastfeeding women may need additional ZINC intake, and it is recommended to consult with a healthcare provider to determine the appropriate intake.

  • Potassium

  • POTASSIUM is a mineral that plays a crucial role in maintaining the balance of fluids in the body, as well as in regulating muscle contractions, nerve function, and heart rhythm. It is an electrolyte, which means it carries an electrical charge that allows it to conduct nerve impulses and help cells communicate with each other. POTASSIUM is also important for maintaining healthy blood pressure and for proper kidney function.

    About 2,500-3,000 milligrams of POTASSIUM per day is the recommended daily intake for adults. However, the exact amount of POTASSIUM needed may vary depending on factors such as age, sex, level of physical activity, and overall health status.

    According to the National Institutes of Health, the recommended daily intake of POTASSIUM is as follows:

    – Infants aged 0-6 months: 400 mg
    – Infants aged 7-12 months: 800 mg
    – Children aged 1-3 years: 2,000 mg
    – Children aged 4-8 years: 2,300 mg
    – Children aged 9-13 years: 2,500 mg
    – Teenage girls aged 14-18 years: 3,000 mg
    – Teenage boys aged 14-18 years: 2,300 mg
    – Men aged 19 years and older: 3,400 mg
    – Women aged 19 years and older: 2,600 mg

    NOTE: It is important to note that individuals with certain conditions such as kidney disease or those taking certain medications may have different POTASSIUM requirements. A consultation with a healthcare provider is always recommended for personalized advice.

  • Magnesium

  • MAGNESIUM is a mineral that is essential for the proper functioning of the human body. It plays a vital role in many bodily functions, including muscle and nerve function, protein synthesis, blood pressure regulation, and bone health. Deficiency in MAGNESIUM can result in a range of health problems, including muscle cramps, anxiety, and irregular heartbeats.

    The daily recommended intake of MAGNESIUM varies depending on age and gender.

    – For adult men, the recommended daily intake is 400-420 mg.
    – For adult women, the recommended daily intake is 310-320 mg.
    – Pregnant women need more MAGNESIUM, with a recommended daily intake of 350-360 mg.
    – Breastfeeding women also have an increased need for MAGNESIUM, with a recommended daily intake of 310-360 mg.

    Children’s recommended daily intake of MAGNESIUM depends on their age:

    – 1-3 years: 80 mg
    – 4-8 years: 130 mg
    – 9-13 years: 240 mg
    – 14-18 years (boys): 410 mg
    – 14-18 years (girls): 360 mg

    NOTE: It’s important to note that these are general guidelines, and individual needs may vary based on specific health conditions or dietary factors.

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