Potential Nutrient Deficiencies
The Vitamin Deficiency
VITAMIN D is a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for the regulation of calcium and phosphorus levels in the body. It helps to promote the absorption of calcium and phosphorus from the intestines, which contributes to bone health and growth. VITAMIN D is also important for immune function and has been associated with reduced incidence of certain diseases such as multiple sclerosis, depression, and some types of cancer.
The recommended daily intake of VITAMIN D varies according to age and gender. The following are the recommended daily intake for different age groups:
– Infants 0-12 months: 400-1000 IU/day
– Children 1-18 years: 600-1,000 IU/day
– Adults 19-70 years: 600-800 IU/day
– Adults over 70 years: 800-1000 IU/day
NOTE: Some people may need higher VITAMIN D intake, such as those who have limited exposure to sunlight, have dark skin, are obese, or have certain medical conditions. It is always recommended to consult a healthcare provider about the proper dosage of VITAMIN D supplements.
VITAMIN E is a fat-soluble vitamin with antioxidant properties that protect cells from damage caused by free radicals. It is essential for the normal functioning of the immune system, skin, and eyes, and may also play a role in helping to prevent chronic diseases such as heart disease and cancer.
The daily recommended intake of VITAMIN E for both men and women is 15 mg. However, based on the age and health conditions, it may vary.
– Infants (0-12 months): 4-5 mg/day
– Children (1-8 years): 6-7 mg/day
– Adolescents (9-13 years): 11 mg/day
– Adolescents (14-18 years): 15 mg/day
– Adults (19 years and older): 15 mg/day
– Pregnant women: 15 mg/day
– Breastfeeding women: 19 mg/day
NOTE: It is always recommended to consult a healthcare professional to determine the right dosage for an individual.
The Mineral Deficiency
ZINC is an important mineral that plays several vital roles in the body. It is involved in immune function, growth and development, wound healing, and DNA synthesis. It is also important for the senses of taste and smell, and for maintaining healthy skin, hair, and nails. ZINC deficiency can lead to a weakened immune system and delayed growth and development, while excessive intake can be toxic and cause gastrointestinal problems.
The daily recommended intake of ZINC varies depending on age and gender. The following are the recommended daily intake of ZINC:
– Infants aged 0-6 months: 2 mg
– Infants aged 7-12 months: 3 mg
– Children aged 1-3 years: 3 mg
– Children aged 4-8 years: 5 mg
– Children aged 9-13 years: 8 mg
– Adolescents (boys aged 14-18 years): 11 mg
– Adolescents (girls aged 14-18 years): 9 mg
– Adults (men aged 19+ years): 11 mg
– Adults (women aged 19+ years): 8 mg
NOTE: Pregnant and breastfeeding women may need additional ZINC intake, and it is recommended to consult with a healthcare provider to determine the appropriate intake.
SELENIUM is an essential trace mineral of significant role in the human health. It is important for immune system function, thyroid hormone metabolism, and antioxidant activity.
The recommended daily intake of SELENIUM for adults is 55 micrograms per day. However, the exact amount may vary depending on factors such as age, gender, and pregnancy or breastfeeding status.
– Infants (0-6 months) 15 mcg
– Infants (7-12 months) 20 mcg
– Children (1-3 years) 20 mcg
– Children (4-8 years) 30 mcg
– Children (9-13 years) 40 mcg
– Adults (14 years and older) 55 mcg
– Pregnant women 60 mcg
– Breastfeeding women 70 mcg
NOTE: Excessive SELENIUM intake can be toxic, so it’s important to consume it in moderation. You should consult with a healthcare professional or a registered dietitian to determine your specific dietary needs.
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