Vitamin and Mineral Deficiency in Osteoporosis INFOGRAPHICS

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Potential Nutrient Deficiencies

The Vitamin Deficiency

  • Vitamin K

  • VITAMIN K is a group of fat-soluble vitamins primarily important for bone health and blood clotting. Two main types of VITAMIN K are existent: K1 (phylloquinone) and K2 (menaquinone). K1 is found in plants, particularly leafy green vegetables, while K2 is produced by bacteria in the gut and is also found in animal products such as meat, eggs, and dairy. VITAMIN K is important for the formation of clotting factors, which help to prevent excessive bleeding, and for the activation of proteins that regulate bone metabolism and protect against osteoporosis. Some people take VITAMIN K supplements to improve skin health, reduce inflammation, and promote heart health. VITAMIN K is also used in some skincare products to reduce the appearance of dark circles and fine lines.

    The daily recommended intake of VITAMIN K varies depending on age and gender:

    – Infants (0-6 months): 2 mcg
    – Infants (7-12 months): 2.5 mcg
    – Children (1-3 years): 30 mcg
    – Children (4-8 years): 55 mcg
    – Children (9-13 years): 60 mcg
    – Teens (14-18 years): 75 mcg for females, 90 mcg for males
    – Adults (19 years and older): 90 mcg for females, 120 mcg for males
    – Pregnant women: 90 mcg
    – Breastfeeding mothers: 90 mcg

    NOTE: It is important to talk to a doctor before taking any VITAMIN K supplements or changing your diet to make sure it is safe for you.

  • Vitamin D

  • VITAMIN D is a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for the regulation of calcium and phosphorus levels in the body. It helps to promote the absorption of calcium and phosphorus from the intestines, which contributes to bone health and growth. VITAMIN D is also important for immune function and has been associated with reduced incidence of certain diseases such as multiple sclerosis, depression, and some types of cancer.

    The recommended daily intake of VITAMIN D varies according to age and gender. The following are the recommended daily intake for different age groups:

    – Infants 0-12 months: 400-1000 IU/day
    – Children 1-18 years: 600-1,000 IU/day
    – Adults 19-70 years: 600-800 IU/day
    – Adults over 70 years: 800-1000 IU/day

    NOTE: Some people may need higher VITAMIN D intake, such as those who have limited exposure to sunlight, have dark skin, are obese, or have certain medical conditions. It is always recommended to consult a healthcare provider about the proper dosage of VITAMIN D supplements.

The Mineral Deficiency

  • Magnesium

  • MAGNESIUM is a mineral that is essential for the proper functioning of the human body. It plays a vital role in many bodily functions, including muscle and nerve function, protein synthesis, blood pressure regulation, and bone health. Deficiency in MAGNESIUM can result in a range of health problems, including muscle cramps, anxiety, and irregular heartbeats.

    The daily recommended intake of MAGNESIUM varies depending on age and gender.

    – For adult men, the recommended daily intake is 400-420 mg.
    – For adult women, the recommended daily intake is 310-320 mg.
    – Pregnant women need more MAGNESIUM, with a recommended daily intake of 350-360 mg.
    – Breastfeeding women also have an increased need for MAGNESIUM, with a recommended daily intake of 310-360 mg.

    Children’s recommended daily intake of MAGNESIUM depends on their age:

    – 1-3 years: 80 mg
    – 4-8 years: 130 mg
    – 9-13 years: 240 mg
    – 14-18 years (boys): 410 mg
    – 14-18 years (girls): 360 mg

    NOTE: It’s important to note that these are general guidelines, and individual needs may vary based on specific health conditions or dietary factors.

  • Calcium

  • CALCIUM is an essential mineral for the development of healthy and strong bones and teeth. It plays a critical role in muscle contraction, nerve function, blood clotting, and cellular communication. Maintaining adequate levels of CALCIUM is important for overall health and can help prevent osteoporosis, a condition characterized by weak and brittle bones.

    – For adults between the ages of 19 and 50, the daily recommended intake of CALCIUM is around 1,000 mg.
    – For those over 50 years of age, the recommended daily intake increases to 1,200 mg.

    NOTE: Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding may require more CALCIUM, and should consult with their healthcare provider to determine their individual needs.

  • Zinc

  • ZINC is an important mineral that plays several vital roles in the body. It is involved in immune function, growth and development, wound healing, and DNA synthesis. It is also important for the senses of taste and smell, and for maintaining healthy skin, hair, and nails. ZINC deficiency can lead to a weakened immune system and delayed growth and development, while excessive intake can be toxic and cause gastrointestinal problems.

    The daily recommended intake of ZINC varies depending on age and gender. The following are the recommended daily intake of ZINC:

    – Infants aged 0-6 months: 2 mg
    – Infants aged 7-12 months: 3 mg
    – Children aged 1-3 years: 3 mg
    – Children aged 4-8 years: 5 mg
    – Children aged 9-13 years: 8 mg
    – Adolescents (boys aged 14-18 years): 11 mg
    – Adolescents (girls aged 14-18 years): 9 mg
    – Adults (men aged 19+ years): 11 mg
    – Adults (women aged 19+ years): 8 mg

    NOTE: Pregnant and breastfeeding women may need additional ZINC intake, and it is recommended to consult with a healthcare provider to determine the appropriate intake.

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