The blood flows to different parts of the body through the blood vessels. When a body tissue is injured, the damage likely indicates impaired blood vessel integrity which can lead to bleeding. If the body does not develop an effective clotting mechanism to prevent the bleeding, excessive amount of blood can be lost.
What is a Blood Clot
Blood clotting is the process by which the body prevents excessive loss of blood after damage to blood vessels. Platelets are the component of the blood responsible in the important process of clotting. But, the production of platelets can be altered by certain health conditions.
In some cases, the platelets are produced in excess which leads to the formation of blood clots without the incidence of injury to the tissues. The blood clot may form within the blood vessels. Some may develop in very crucial parts of the body such as the lungs, heart, and the brain. If you are seeking to learn how to know if you have a blood clot, below are symptoms you can identify.
The unnecessary formation of a blood clot will become a health risk to the person. A clot can block the flow of the blood essential in the transportation of oxygen and nutrients throughout the body.
An individual who develops blood clots in the blood vessels will become at risk of health problems. With the display of the symptoms of blood clot, a medical examination will be necessary in order to prevent progress towards any serious potential complication/s such as heart attack or stroke.
How do you know if you have a blood clot? Can you feel a blood clot? What does a blood clot feel like? Do blood clots hurt?
Most Common Blood Clot Symptoms
1. Body weakness
When a clot causes a blockage of the blood vessel, some of the affected organs will not receive enough blood supply. In some serious blood clot formations, the affected organs will not receive any supply of blood at all.
Blood is responsible for the transportation of oxygen and nutrients significant for energy production and normal functioning of tissues and cells in the body.
The obstruction of blood vessels will results to inadequate energy levels in the body, leading to general body weakness that is usually prominent in the arms and legs of the patient.
2. Chest pain
Pain in the chest area or under the breastbone is a common symptom of a blood clot located in major blood vessels of the lungs and heart.
The pain can be sharp and gradual. It can also be felt greater when the coughing or taking a deep breath.
The symptom usually occurs in the serious stages of the developed internal blood clot.
3. Unexplained cough
It is one of the signs of blood clot that can give indications that the lungs is possibly the main organ affected by the clot.
An abnormal formation of blood clot in the lungs will display coughing that is usually accompanied with a bloody mucus.
In many cases, the patient will be unable to explain any factors that may have triggered the coughing episodes. Such signs of a blood clot makes it very likely that the formation has taken place in the lungs or blood vessels that move blood to the lungs or from the lungs.
4. Shortness of breath
A gradual or sudden shortness of breath may also imply the presence of a blood clot. Shortness of breath can be a result of obstructions in blood arteries leading to oxygen deficiency. Therefore, other body tissues will also be affected, will not receive enough oxygen, due to the shortness of breath.
This can happen when the blood clot has clogged the blood vessels that directly supply blood to or from the lungs.
5. Rapid breathing
A shortness of breath can lead to oxygen deficiency in the body.
In order to correct the problem, the body increases the rate of respiration to cater for the deficiency.
An increase in the rate of breathing is normally aimed at ensuring every body part receives enough amount of oxygen.
6. Rapid heart rate
The pumping of blood to different parts of the body is executed by the heart after being oxygenated in the lungs.
When a blood vessel becomes impassable, the body will struggle to make up for the lack of oxygen. One of the ways to mitigate the problem is by increasing the amount of blood that is pumped from the heart.
The pumping response of the heart will result to a display of increase in heart rate, higher compared to the normal rates at which the heart normally pumps the blood.
7. Persistent headaches
The brain controls most of the activities in the body. Among other symptoms of blood clots, the patient may experience a development of pain in the affected area, and the stress may also influence the onset of headaches.
Also, headaches certainly does have several causative factors but we can’t disregard the fact that in some cases, the pain can be due to a blood clot. A clot that has caused obstruction in the blood vessels of the brain will mean inadequate amount of oxygen, resulting to persistent headache with no other known cause.
8. Fainting or dizziness
Constant and sufficient supply of oxygen is required by the brain to function properly. However, a blood clot that results to insufficient flow of blood to the brain will mean a reduced amount of oxygen is being delivered to the organ. Inadequate oxygen in the brain can lead to fainting.
The possibility of blood clot formation in the brain should be checked. Episodes of fainting is another symptom of blood clot that may culminate into complications such as stroke when not addressed early.
Furthermore, dizziness can be among the symptoms of a blood clot that may be experienced by the patient. This usually happens when the individual suddenly stands up after being seated for long hours.
9. Pain in the arms or legs
A blood clot that forms in the arms or legs is common which may be characterized by the display of pain localized on the affected area.
Pain may be confined but is one of the most discomforting symptoms to experience with blood clots. It is usually described as a pain with no other probable cause that can be established. No external injury is causing the pain.
The pain is usually accompanied by a swelling of the affected part. The pain may be acute but in some cases, it increases over a period of time. Read about Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT).
10. Vision problems
The ability to see clearly can be compromised with the formation of a blood clot.
A person whose vision has suddenly become blurry, or experiences double vision may have developed a clot that is preventing blood to flow adequately to the brain.
Since the brain also controls vision, insufficient blood will affect the ability to see. In extreme cases, the blood clot may lead to permanent blindness.
Having understood how to tell if you have a blood clot, it is also worth noting that a blood clot may form without showing any of these symptoms.
Blood clotting is meant to be a very helpful process in response to injury. However, when it takes place unnecessarily, it can be very dangerous and may lead to serious difficulties such as stroke or even death.
The only way to be sure of the existence of a blood clot is undergoing medical tests. When any of mentioned symptoms is experienced, consider a medical consultation in order to determine possibility of blood clots and prevent further complications.
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