Vitamin and Mineral Deficiency in Hyperthyroidism INFOGRAPHICS

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Potential Nutrient Deficiencies

The Vitamin Deficiency

  • Vitamin D

  • VITAMIN D is a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for the regulation of calcium and phosphorus levels in the body. It helps to promote the absorption of calcium and phosphorus from the intestines, which contributes to bone health and growth. VITAMIN D is also important for immune function and has been associated with reduced incidence of certain diseases such as multiple sclerosis, depression, and some types of cancer.

    The recommended daily intake of VITAMIN D varies according to age and gender. The following are the recommended daily intake for different age groups:

    – Infants 0-12 months: 400-1000 IU/day
    – Children 1-18 years: 600-1,000 IU/day
    – Adults 19-70 years: 600-800 IU/day
    – Adults over 70 years: 800-1000 IU/day

    NOTE: Some people may need higher VITAMIN D intake, such as those who have limited exposure to sunlight, have dark skin, are obese, or have certain medical conditions. It is always recommended to consult a healthcare provider about the proper dosage of VITAMIN D supplements.

The Mineral Deficiency

  • Iron

  • IRON is a mineral that is essential in its role in the human body. It helps in the production of hemoglobin, a protein in red blood cells that transports oxygen throughout the body. It is also important in the metabolism of energy, immune function, and cognitive development. IRON deficiency can lead to anemia, fatigue, weakness, and impaired brain function.

    The daily recommended intake of IRON varies depending on age, gender, and health status. The recommended intake for adults is:

    – Men: 8 mg/day
    – Women (ages 19-50): 18 mg/day
    – Women (over age 50): 8 mg/day
    – Pregnant women: 27 mg/day

    NOTE: Vegetarians and vegans may need up to 1.8 times more IRON per day than non-vegetarians due to the lower bioavailability of IRON from plant-based foods. Consult a healthcare professional to determine your individual IRON needs.

  • Selenium

  • SELENIUM is an essential trace mineral of significant role in the human health. It is important for immune system function, thyroid hormone metabolism, and antioxidant activity.

    The recommended daily intake of SELENIUM for adults is 55 micrograms per day. However, the exact amount may vary depending on factors such as age, gender, and pregnancy or breastfeeding status.

    – Infants (0-6 months) 15 mcg
    – Infants (7-12 months) 20 mcg
    – Children (1-3 years) 20 mcg
    – Children (4-8 years) 30 mcg
    – Children (9-13 years) 40 mcg
    – Adults (14 years and older) 55 mcg
    – Pregnant women 60 mcg
    – Breastfeeding women 70 mcg

    NOTE: Excessive SELENIUM intake can be toxic, so it’s important to consume it in moderation. You should consult with a healthcare professional or a registered dietitian to determine your specific dietary needs.

  • Calcium

  • CALCIUM is an essential mineral for the development of healthy and strong bones and teeth. It plays a critical role in muscle contraction, nerve function, blood clotting, and cellular communication. Maintaining adequate levels of CALCIUM is important for overall health and can help prevent osteoporosis, a condition characterized by weak and brittle bones.

    – For adults between the ages of 19 and 50, the daily recommended intake of CALCIUM is around 1,000 mg.
    – For those over 50 years of age, the recommended daily intake increases to 1,200 mg.

    NOTE: Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding may require more CALCIUM, and should consult with their healthcare provider to determine their individual needs.

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I'm Mike, and together we'll learn how to support our emotional, mental, and physical well-being.

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