A wound is caused by skin breakdown or trauma resulting to physical damage or injury on the body of a person. This damage can lead to excessive loss of blood. The injury may be superficial on the skin but sometimes it can be very deep. In this case, the flesh of the body is damaged.
The way the wound is handled will determine how quickly or slowly the wound will heal. Proper care will result in a quicker healing process. It is therefore very important to carefully handle wounds following recommended ways. Careless handling will lead to the wound to become more serious and might take long to heal.
Wound Care Treatment
1. Determine the severity of the wound
Burns, scrapes, or abrasions are common types of wounds. It is important to know how severe the wound before trying to handle it. Less serious wounds will only require simple home wound management procedures in their management.
However, the wound may sometimes be severe that it can only be handled by a qualified professional. In this case, the wound may pose even larger threat if not attended by a medical professional. The wound may only require proper first aid until a professional is found.
2. Wash hands
After the wound has been examined to determine severity, it is important to wash hands before any further action is taken in managing the wound. The hands may be contaminated and therefore handling the wound without washing the hands can put the wound at risk of being infected.
To ensure maximum protection, the person handling the wound should wear plastic gloves. This ascertains the safety of both the injured and the person handling the wound.
3. Clean the wound
Viral and bacterial infections should be avoided by all means. The skin around the injured area may have potential infections. In order to prevent infection of the wound, the wound should be carefully washed including the area around it.
When washing the wound, a natural soap should be used. Using a natural soap prevents the body from further complications that may result from use of other types of soaps.
The wound should also be rinsed with clean water. The water should be free from bacterial or viral infections. In case of absence of natural soap, a sufficient amount of clean water should be used without adding anything else.
4. Dry the wound
After washing the wound with clean water, the next step is to make sure the wound is dried. The process of drying should be done gently to reduce or avoid causing pain.
In drying the wound, clean gauze pads should be used. This will protect the wound from infection. Using a dirty material to dry the wound will put the wound at risk of infection by viruses or bacteria. This will also put the entire body at risk of contracting other diseases.
5. Reduce the pain
In most cases, the wound is accompanied by pain. It is, therefore, important to ensure that the pain is controlled. This can be attained with the use of mild painkillers. It can help in making the injured person more comfortable.
It is worth noting that the selection of painkillers should be carefully made because some painkillers can have effects on the body that results in a slowed healing process.
Other considerations such as allergic reactions of the injured person in the use of the painkillers should also be observed.
6. Protecting the wound from infections
Washing and drying may not completely protect the wound from infections. Additional methods that are more efficient should be used. These include spraying the wound or applying natural products that can prevent the entry of bacteria or viruses to the wound.
Natural products are those products whose ingredients are found in the body. These products do not usually pose further threats such as allergy to the body. They are also easily disintegrated into the body.
Use of antibiotics may not be very helpful, unless advised by your doctor, as they can have adverse effects on the body. Antibiotics can have traces of toxins like petroleum that may affect the healing process of the wound.
7. Cover the wound
This is also a beneficial step in protecting the wound from infections. Covering the wound involves literally putting a barrier on the wound to protect it.
The barrier should not pose any threat of introducing bacteria or viruses to the wound. It should, therefore, be clean and safe. In this case, clean gauze is appropriate.
Using pieces of clothes may not be very effective as the cloth may not be as clean as required. The cover should not be very tight to cause pain neither should it be very loose to allow entry of microorganisms.
The cover should also be regularly changed. If the wound is observed to be in the final stages of healing, it can be left open.
8. Practice proper wound maintenance
The wound must be given enough time to heal. Overworking an injured body may delay the healing process. Maintenance practices ensure the wound is protected from any further danger as it heals.
The wound should not be exposed to injury causing risk factors. If further harm or injury occurs to the wound, the pain can also become very unbearable. It is, therefore, necessary to keep the wound away from any dangers whatsoever.
9. Maintain a healthy diet
A balanced and healthy diet will enable the body to recover fast. It should also be observed.
Fermented foods and drinks can be very helpful. These foods are very essential in boosting the immunity of the body. The healing duration of the wound is influenced by the strength of the immune system of the injured person.
To hasten the process of healing, it is paramount to feed on what can improve the immune system. Components of a normal balanced diet should not be ignored.
10. Watch out for signs of infections
Any adverse manifestation in body functioning should be closely monitored. In case of an irregularity that cannot be explained is observed, a medical examination should be sought.
A professional should be able to assess the wound closely and give more effective treatment procedures. Preventive measures can also be taken. For instance, tetanus vaccines may be administered to avoid any cases of tetanus.
Some small wounds can develop into very serious and dangerous wounds. In these situations, a medical practitioner will be able to help control the threat. It always remain important to seek medical assistance.
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