10 Steps of Wound Care

wound care treatment
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A wound can be caused by any physical damage on the body of a person. This damage can lead to excessive loss or blood. The damage may be on the skin or sometimes it may be very deep. In this case, the flesh of the body may be damaged. The way the wound is handled will determine how quickly or slowly the wound will heal. Good care will result in a very quick healing process. It is therefore very important to carefully handle wounds in the correct ways. Careless handling will lead to the wound becoming more serious and might take long to heal.

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Wound Care Treatment

1. Determine how severe the wound is

Burns scrapes or abrasions are the common causes of wounds. It is important to know how severe the wound is before trying to handle it. Less serious wounds will only require simple home wound management procedures to manage it. However, sometimes the wound may be very severe that it can only be handled by a qualified professional. In this case, the wound may pose even larger threats if it is not attended to by a professional. The wound may only require first aid as a professional is found.

2. Wash hands

After the wound has been examined to determine how severe it is, it is important to wash hands before any further action is taken to handle the wound. The hands may be contaminated and therefore handling the wound without washing them may put the wound at risk of being infected. To ensure maximum protection, the person handling the wound should wear plastic gloves. This ensures the safety of both the injured and the one handling the wound.

3. Clean the wound

Viral and bacterial infections should be avoided by all means. The skin around the injured area may have these infections, in order to prevent infection of the wound, the wound should be carefully washed and the area around it. In washing the wound, a natural soap should be used. Using a natural soap prevents the body from other complications that may result from use of other types of soaps. The wound should then be rinsed with clean water. The water should also be free from bacterial or viral infections. In case of absence of natural soap, then enough clean water should be used without adding anything else.

4. Dry the wound

After washing the wound with clean water, the next step is to make sure the wound has been dried. In drying the wound, clean gauze pads should be used. This will protect the wound from other infections. The process of drying should be done gently to reduce or avoid the pain involved. Using a dirty material to dry the wound may put the wound at risk of being infected by viruses or bacteria. This will put the entire body at risk of contracting other diseases.

5. Reduce the pain

In some cases, the wound may be accompanied by pain. It is, therefore, important to ensure that the pain is controlled. This can be attained through the use of mild painkillers. It is worth noting that the choice of the painkillers should be carefully done as some painkillers may have effects on the body that may result in a slowed healing process. Other considerations such as allergic conditions of the injured person to the painkillers should also be observed. The painkillers help in making the injured person more comfortable.

6. Protecting the wound from infections

Washing and drying may not be completely reliable methods of protecting the wound from infections. Other methods that are more efficient should be used. These include spraying the wound or applying natural products that can prevent entry of bacteria or viruses to the wound. Natural products are those products whose ingredients are found in the body. These products may not pose other threats such as allergy to the body. They are also easily disintegrated into the body. Use of antibiotics may not be very helpful as they may have an effect on the body. These antibiotics have traces of toxins like petroleum that may have an adverse effect on the healing process of the wound.

7. Cover the wound

This is part of protecting the wound from infections. Covering the wound involves literally putting a barrier on the wound that protects it. The barrier should not pose a threat of introducing bacteria or viruses to the wound. It should, therefore, be clean and very safe. In this case, clean gauze can be appropriate. Using pieces of clothes may not be very effective as the cloth may not be as clean as required. The cover should not be very tight to cause pain neither should it be very loose to allow entry of micro-organisms. The cover should regularly be changed. If the wound is seen to be in the final healing stages, it can be left open.

8. Practice proper wound maintenance practices

The wound must be given enough time to heal. Overworking an injured body may delay the healing process. The wound should not be exposed to other injury causing risks. If an injury occurs to a wound, the pain may be very unbearable. It is, therefore, necessary to keep the wound part away from any dangers whatsoever. These practices ensure the wound is not exposed to any other danger when healing.

9. Maintain a healthy diet

A balanced a healthy diet will enable the body to recover fast. It should be strictly observed. Fermented foods and drinks can be very helpful. These foods are very essential in boosting the immunity of the body. The healing duration of the wound is usually a subject of the strength of the immune system of the injured body. To hasten the process of healing, it is paramount to feed on what will improve the immunity. Other components of a normal balanced diet should not be ignored.

10. Watch out for signs of infections

Any adverse anomaly in the normal body functioning should be closely monitored. In case an anomaly that cannot be explained is observed, a medical examination should be sought. A professional should be able to observe the wound closely and give more effective medications. Preventive measures can also be taken. For instance, tetanus vaccines can be administered to avoid any cases of tetanus. Some small wounds can develop into very serious and dangerous wounds. In these situations, a medical practitioner will be able to control the threat. Thus, it is important to find medical assistance in case of wounds.

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Contributor:

I'm Mike, and together we'll learn how to support our emotional, mental, and physical well-being.

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