How to Stop a Nosebleed
Most nosebleeds that occur in the anterior or frontal aspect of the nose only involve one nostril and not as severe as the posterior type. With the posterior type of nose bleed, blood may sometimes drain back into the throat, causing potential distress.
Anterior nose bleeds may be treated at home; or with the help of a medical professional as necessary. Other than the bleeding, the victim usually won’t experience any other problems.
The posterior nosebleed, on other hand, is not as common as the anterior nose bleed. This kind of nose bleed starts at the back of the nose and involves both the nostrils.
Posterior type of nose bleeding can lead to considerably large amount of blood running down the throat. It frequently occurs in adults as a result of an underlying health complication presently experienced.
Posterior nose bleed is a dangerous type of nose bleeding that requires quicker and immediate medical attention, compared to the anterior type.
Nose bleeding can be frightening, especially in children or adults who are basically afraid of blood. In this post, we’ll be looking at a number of ways to stop nose bleeds.
Ways to Stop Nose Bleeds
Discussed below are known ways on how to stop a nose bleed.
1. Sitting upright and leaning forward
When stopping a nosebleed, initially have the person sit upright and lean forward.
An upright sitting posture reduces blood pressure on the bleeding blood vessels of the nose, reducing any further bleeding.
Leaning forward, on the other hand, will ensure the blood does not flow back to the throat and further into the stomach, a situation that can by far accelerate possible distress.
2. Pinching the nose
How to stop nose bleeds with a pinch of the nose?
The use of the thumb and the index finger by pinching the softer part of the nostrils can help shut the bleeding of the nose. It is actually a common practice to stop a nosebleed. The process exerts external pressure on the vessels, stopping the free flow of blood.
For the whole duration of time (about 20 minutes), the individual should breathe through the mouth to avoid suffocation.
Checking should be performed only after the lapse of ten minutes. If the bleeding has stopped, you need to continue exerting pressure for ten more minutes to help stabilize it.
Most nosebleeds will stop after an applied pressure of about 15-20 minutes.
3. Avoid picking or blowing the nose
When stopping nosebleeds, it is vital not to pick or blow the nose while bleeding.
Most nosebleeds occur because of nose irritation. Also, picking the nose just after the bleeding has stopped is discouraged because it can start another nose bleeding episode.
The head should be kept upright and the individual should remain calm.
4. Use of nasal sprays
How to stop nose bleed naturally using nasal sprays? Nasal sprays play a role in moisturizing the nose to avoid further cracking of the nose which is a common cause for most nose bleeds.
Cracking irritates the blood vessels, releasing blood from them, which comes out through the nose. Application of nasal sprays will moisturize the nose; relaxing the blood vessels.
- Sophie Dupuis-Girod, Vincent Pitiot, Cyrille Bergerot, Anne-Emmanuelle Fargeton, Marjolaine Beaudoin, Evelyne Decullier, Valentine Bréant, Bettina Colombet, Pierre Philouze, Frédéric Faure, & Jean-Charles Letievant (2019). Efficacy of TIMOLOL nasal spray as a treatment for epistaxis in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial.
5. Avoid the use of anticoagulants
Use of anticoagulants has adverse impacts. Doctors have to carefully assess the potential effects of the anticoagulant in the patient before administering the drug.
If a particular coagulant is known to be associated with bleeding in the nose, for example, aspirin; other options available in the treatment of the underlying medical disorder should be used. It must concentrate on a plan with lesser side effects; or procedure that does not have negative effects on the individual.
6. Medical operations
Sometimes, nose bleeding remedies become so futile, like in cases when the nose won’t simply stop bleeding in any way. It has to involve medical doctors who will perform appropriate nosebleed treatment procedures.
In these kind of situations, the doctor usually recommends invasive options which may include the use of electricity or some heat to burn and seal the bleeding blood vessels in the nose.
Surgical procedures that aim at tying the bleeding blood vessel, or rather, an injection of a plug material into the artery to block the flow of blood, may be necessary. This process is known as therapeutic embolization but can cause side effects that can be harmful like nerve damage.
7. Cool the body / lower the body temperature
When stopping a bloody nose, lowering the body temperature will come in handy. It causes a reduction of blood flow going to the nose by decreasing the pressure and the speed of blood flow.
This can be done with the use of ice cubes placed in the mouth or cold object over the nose, which is very effective in reducing the temperature in the area.
It could also be achieved by simply sucking a Popsicle continually, even after bleeding has stopped.
8. Use of a humidifier
How to prevent nosebleeds with the use of a humidifier? A humidifier increases the humidity in the room environment, preventing excessive dryness during wintertime.
Dryness has been known to cause and accelerate nose bleeding. A metal container that contains water on top of a heating source can also be used for the same purpose as a humidifier.
9. Increase fiber intake
Fiber intake reduces the risk of constipation, a condition that increases the stress on blood vessels placing the person more vulnerable to nose bleeding.
So how to stop bloody nose by boosting fibers in your diet? Fibers help ensure that the blood vessels are not irritated from increased tension making it a useful dietary plan in people who are hypertensive or experience nose bleeding frequently.
10. Washing the nostrils
How to stop nosebleeds by simply washing the nose? This is done with the use of warm water to help heal the broken vessels while at the same time, it acts as relaxers.
The procedure should be gentle to avoid further irritation of the nose. In case the nose won’t stop bleeding, you need to get the services of a doctor because the condition may already indicate a more severe underlying concern.
Summary of Steps on How to Stop Nose Bleeding
Generally, various methods are available concerning effective ways to stop bloody nose. But basically, the ideal initial response is simply to sit up straight where the tip of the head is slightly forward without tilting the head back. This prevents blood running down the back of the throat and consequently swallowed.
Swallowed blood can irritate the stomach. This can cause vomiting that may worsen the bleeding and the condition of the individual.
The thumb and the forefinger are then used to pinch firmly the softer part of the nose to shut it from bleeding. At this point, the person have to breathe only through the mouth.
Application of an ice pack to the nose and cheeks will help cool down the temperature in the area, constricting the blood vessels of the nose. Furthermore, an application of a nasal spray like Alfin can also be helpful to stop the nose bleed.
To avoid further drying and further cracking, you may put a light coating of a moisturized ointment or an antiseptic nasal cream, in the nose.
And lastly, rest for some hours without blowing, picking, or putting anything in the nose.
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